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复杂背景下红外弱小运动目标检测数据集
A dataset for small infrared moving target detection under clutter background
: 2021 - 02 - 08
: 2021 - 02 - 08
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摘要&关键词
摘要:红外弱小运动目标检测是空中红外探测的核心技术之一,且一直是光电探测领域研究的热点问题,尤其是复杂背景下弱小运动目标检测,尚缺乏有效的技术解决途径。针对当前红外弱小运动目标检测领域数据规模小、场景类型丰富程度不足的问题,本数据集面向空中红外探测设备远距离探测空中飞行目标应用,借助于小型无人机平台搭载红外探测设备,通过实地拍摄、数据加工及仿真目标嵌入处理等,提供了一套数据规模大、场景类型丰富的复杂背景下红外弱小运动目标检测半仿真数据集。图像数据采集中设置多种实验条件,以求尽可能地全方位模拟典型应用场景:为体现探测平台与目标的相对高度,设置了仰视、平视和俯视三种拍摄视角;为模拟不同场景类型,数据集获取场景涵盖了天空、水面、植被、建筑物等多种场景;为模拟被探测目标不同运动情况,数据集中采用分段拟合的方式,设置了不同复杂程度的目标运动轨迹;本数据集仿真了不同灰度分布、不同信号强度的弱小运动目标,并高质量地嵌入图像背景中。本数据集共计350段数据、150185帧图像,标注文件中给出目标坐标位置的详细标注信息。本数据集可为复杂背景下红外弱小运动目标检测、跟踪等研究提供基础数据。
关键词:红外弱小运动目标;空中探测平台;复杂背景;目标检测;序列图像。
Abstract & Keywords
Abstract: Small infrared moving target detection is one of the key technologies of infrared detection. And it has always been a hot issue in photoelectric detection, especially for small infrared moving target under clutter background. The problem has not yet been solved. In view of the lack of high quality data in current research, we adopt infrared imaging equipment installed on a small UAV platform to capture image sequences as backgrounds. The synthetic targets are embedded in backgrounds properly. We build a semi-synthetic dataset for small infrared moving target detection under clutter background. Various conditions are set in image capturing, including relative height (up looking, head up looking and down looking), scenes (vegetation, water and building), platform motion, weather, time, etc. The imaging platform motion and the synthetic target motion are considered simultaneously to guarantee that the semi-synthetic image sequences as close as possible to the real application scenario. In addition, we vary the target characteristics in synthetizing, including shape, intensity, and motion. Our dataset contains 350 image sequences, 150185 images. The annotation file provided the targets positions in images. The dataset can be used in small infrared moving target detection and tracking researches.
Keywords: Small infrared moving target; Airborne detection platform; Clutter background; Target detection;  Image sequence
稿件与作者信息
孙晓亮
Xiaoliang Sun
alexander_sxl@nudt.edu.cn
郭良超
Liangchao Guo
张文龙
Wenlong Zhang
王梓
Zi Wang
侯艳杰
Yanjie Hou
李璋
Zhang Li
滕锡超
Xichao Teng
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