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中国有用植物资源数据库
A scientific database of useful plants of China
: 2021 - 01 - 11
: 2021 - 01 - 12
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摘要&关键词
摘要:中国是世界上植物资源和植物传统利用知识最丰富的国家之一,各地区、各民族长期积累了丰富的植物利用知识,出版和发表了大量关于中国植物用途的志书和文献。但由于各类志书参考的植物命名体系的不同以及数据库建设的缺失,丰富的植物利用知识分散在各类志书和文献中,缺乏系统的梳理整合和分类名称校对,十分不利于重要资源植物的研究开发。本数据库系统整理了155篇(册)各类民族植物学志书、文献以及80年代至今发表的民族植物学文献和学位论文,共提取整理出5.1万条“植物的用途”记录。涉及药用、食用、园林绿化、饲料、木材、纤维、工业原料等12类维管植物1.08万种(含种下等级)。为了把用途记录和植物的物种信息有效关联,本数据库参考英文版《Flora of China》和《中国植物志》的分类系统,对植物名称进行了校对和异名处理,处理后的每条数据记录包含中文名、拉丁学名、用途描述、用途类别、用途记载参考文献、校对后拉丁名、学名校对参考志书构成。在发布数据集的同时,依托中国科学院昆明植物研究所科学数据中心构建了中国有用植物数据库服务网站,将持续开展有用植物编目信息的在线检索服务和数据更新。该数据库第一次系统整合了全国使用的维管植物资源,为战略植物资源的研究、合理利用和管理保护提供了本底数据,对我国植物资源的可持续利用以及传统知识的传承保护有重要意义。
关键词:有用植物;传统知识;民族植物学
Abstract & Keywords
Abstract: China has a long history of using vascular plants and a large body of recorded knowledge on uses. However, due to the difference of plant nomenclature system used in literatures, abundant plant utilization knowledge is scattered in all kinds of local records and literature. Shortages of information integration and scientific name proofreading will not conducive to the research and development of important plant resources. Here, we construct a database of plants used in China based on an extensive survey of the literature. Total of 155 books, articles and dissertations of ethnobotany, published since 1980s were reviewed and integrated. As a result, a total of 51,000 records of "plant use-citations", divided into 12 usage categories, such as medicinal, edible, Ornamental, etc., have been extracted and recorded. In order to proofread wrong or nonstandard plant names used in "plant use-citations", Latin names used in "plant use-citations" were checked with reference to the Flora of China (English version). After processing, each data record contains Chinese name, Latin name, usage description, usage category, reference of usage record, Latin name after proofreading and proofread name reference. As the database was published, a website named Chinese useful plant database has been constructed, to carry out online service and data updating continuously. This database has basically integrated the vascular plant resources used in China for the first time, will provides background data for the research, utilization, and protection of plant, which is of great significance to the sustainable utilization of biodiversity resources and the inheritance of traditional knowledge in China.
Keywords: useful plants; Transitional knowledge; Ethnobotany
稿件与作者信息
庄会富
Zhuang HuiFu
王亚楠
Wang Yanan
王趁
Wang Chen
金涛
Jin Tao
王雨华
Wang Yuhua
wangyuhua@mail.kib.ac.cn
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中国科学数据
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