Abstract: Due to the complexity and diversity of tropical forests in the world, tropical forest ecosystem is one of the most difficult and poorly understood terrestrial ecosystems in the research of response and adaptation to climate change. Jianfengling Ecological Station is the southernmost geographically distributed forest ecosystem research station in our country and the earliest forest ecosystem type positioning research station. This paper uses the original data of temperature, water vapor pressure, relative humidity, precipitation, evaporation, average wind speed, sunshine and other data collected by the meteorological observation field in the tropical semi-deciduous monsoon rain forest area of the Jianfengling Ecological Station. After data processing, quality control and evaluation, the continuous monthly meteorological dataset for 62 years from 1957 to 2018 was made public on a monthly scale, in order to provide meteorological data foundation support for the dynamic changes, response and adaptation of the structure and function of tropical forest ecosystems under the background of global meteorological changes, the sustainable management and utilization of tropical forest resources and protection of the ecosystem.
Keywords: tropical semi-deciduous monsoon rainforest; global climate change; forest ecosystem; meteorological data; long-term dynamics