Abstract: Tropical forests in the world are complex and diverse. Tropical forest ecosystems are one of the least understood terrestrial ecosystems in the research of response and adaptation to climate change. Jianfengling Ecological Station is the forest ecosystem research station in southernmost China and the earliest positioning research station of the forest ecosystem type. This paper uses the original data of temperature, water vapor pressure, relative humidity, precipitation, evaporation, average wind speed, sunshine and other data collected by the meteorological observation field in the tropical semi-deciduous monsoon rainforest area of the Jianfengling Ecological Station. After data processing, quality control and evaluation, the continuous monthly meteorological dataset for 62 years from 1957 to 2018 was made public on a monthly scale. This dataset can provide basic meteorological data for the dynamic changes, response and adaptation of the structure and function of tropical forest ecosystems against a backdrop of global climate change, as well as the sustainable management, management and utilization of tropical forest resources, and the protection of ecosystems.
Keywords: tropical semi-deciduous monsoon rainforest; global climate change; forest ecosystem; meteorological data; long-term dynamics