Abstract: The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor traverses the Karakoram Mountains and some Pamir Mountains where modern glaciers are widely distributed. The upstream glaciers and their evolution have caused various types of glaciers-related disasters (glacier floods/mudslides, glacier surges, paraglacial collapse/landslides, and ice-dammed lakes outburst floods, etc.) are particularly prominent, and increasingly pose a threat to the China-Pakistan Highway and its infrastructure and human activities. Based on the full excavation of various released data sets, this study collected the relevant disaster survey data, historical typical disaster events, and dynamics of the upstream glaciation area. Spatial information data of glaciers, glacial lakes and potential glacial floods/debris flow catchments along the China-Pakistan Highway have compiled. This dataset includes: (1) upstream watershed classification along the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor and basic background datasets such as glaciers, glacial lakes, and surface stream drainage systems; (2) surge glaciers distribution dataset; (3) distribution of historical outburst events of glacial ice-dammed lakes; (4) Potential glacier flood/debris flow gully distribution along the China-Pakistan Highway; (5) Landslide distribution data set and (6) historical seismicity data. This data set provides a basic scientific data support for the construction of the China-Pakistan Corridor, and can be used for the analysis and assessment of glaciers-related hazards along the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor.
Keywords: China-Pakistan Economic Corridor; Glacier; Surge glacier; glacier related hazards; glacier debris flow; Landslide; Glacier flood; Karakoram Mountains