子午工程数据专刊 最新来稿(未评审) 版本 ZH1
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子午工程数据资源概述
A summary of data resources produced by Chinese Meridian Project
: 2020 - 07 - 21
: 2020 - 07 - 21
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摘要&关键词
摘要:东半球空间环境地基综合监测子午链项目(简称“子午工程”),是近地空间环境地基监测网络系统,沿东半球东经120º子午线附近和北纬30º附近的15个台站部署了地磁(电)监测设备、常规无线电监测设备、大型无线电监测设备、宇宙线监测设备、光学监测设备和行星际监测设备,连续监测地球表面2030公里以上直到几百公里的中高层大气、电离层和磁层,以及十几个地球半径以外的行星际空间,获得地磁场、电场、中高层大气的风场、密度、温度、成分,电离层、磁层和行星际太阳风的速度等空间环境参数,共有163个数据集,时间覆盖2010年至今。子午工程的数据,为研究我国上空空间环境特征,空间天气事件的子午链传播,以及地球空间各个圈层之间的耦合过程等提供了重要的数据支持,有力地推动了现有各类地球空间模型的发展,为我国载人航天和探月工程等航天任务等提供了大量的业务数据支撑。
关键词:子午工程;空间天气;地基观测;数据政策
Abstract & Keywords
Abstract: TheGround-based Space Environment Monitoring Network,called Chinese Meridian Project for short, is a ground-based monitoring network system for the near earth space environment, which deployed geomagnetic (electrical) monitoring instruments, conventional radio monitoring instruments, large-scale radio monitoring instruments, cosmic ray monitoring instruments, optical monitoring equipment and interplanetary monitoring instruments in 15 observations along 120ºE and 30ºN. It continuously monitors the middle and upper atmosphere, ionosphere and magnetosphere above 20-30 km of the earth's surface to hundreds of kilometers, as well as the solar wind in interplanetary space, which is more than ten terrestrial radii away from the Earth. The Chinese Meridian Project produces wind field, density, temperature, and composition of the middle and upper atmosphere, and the bulk speed in the ionosphere, magnetosphere, and interplanetary solar wind, totally 163 datasets, from 2010 to today. The data of the Chinese Meridian Project provides important support for the study of the characteristics of the space environment over China, the propagation of space weather events along the meridian chain, and the coupling between different domains of geospace environment, and greatly promotes the development of various existing geospatial models, and provides many operational data support for manned spaceflight and lunar exploration missions in China.
Keywords: the Meridian Project; space weather; ground-based observation; data sharing policy
稿件与作者信息
秦佳媚
Jiamei Qin
钟鼎坤
Dingkun Zhong
dkzhong@spaceweather.ac.cn
冯学尚
Xueshang Feng
向长青
Changqing Xiang
邹自明
Zou Ziming
佟继周
Tong Jizhou
出版历史
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中国科学数据
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