Abstract: The process, control mechanism and their response to environmental change of terrestrial ecosystem carbon and water cycling under global changes are an important scientific problem having been trying to be solved by ecology and global change science for a long time. Eddy covariance is a powerful method for in-situ, continuous and high-frequency observation of the carbon and water exchange process in ecosystems. Qianyanzhou Ecological Research Station (QYZ), as one of the first field station establishing the system of eddy covariance in China, has been continuously accumulating scientific observation data of carbon and water flux of artificial coniferous forests for 17 years. In order to promote the development of carbon and water flux of terrestrial ecosystem in China and even the world, QYZ published the carbon and water flux and related meteorological data observed and processed from 2003 to 2010. The dataset included net ecosystem exchange, ecosystem respiration, total ecosystem exchange, latent heat flux, sensible heat flux, air temperature, relative humidity, vapor pressure, wind speed, wind direction, soil temperature, soil moisture, total radiation, photosynthetic effective radiation, and precipitation, etc., forming data products of half hour, day, month, and year scale.
Keywords: eddy covariance technique; flux data; carbon and water cycling; meteorological data; artificial coniferous forests