Abstract: China–Pakistan economic corridor passes through the Pamirs Plateau in the north, a place characterized by complex terrain and fragile ecological environment and frequented by diverse disasters. One of the major hydrologic meteorological disasters is glacier melt runoff caused by extreme temperature-rising, which draws attention of the scientific community. Based on the daily maximum temperature data observed by three meteorological stations at the Pamirs Plateau, we determined and calculated the indices of the extreme temperature-rising process over the Pamirs Plateau, including the temperature-rising dates, process (start and end dates, duration), ranges during different periods of each station. We also analyzed the change characteristics of the process to build the dataset for the extreme temperature-rising process from January 1, 1961 to December 31th 2017. This dataset is useful for research on the occurrence frequency and development trend of extreme temperature-raising events over Pamirs Plateau in the background of global warming. It also provides data support for early warning of extreme climates and flood disasters over the China-Pakistan economic corridor.
Keywords: China–Pakistan economic corridor; Pamirs Plateau; extreme temperature-rising process; meteorological stations