丝绸之路历史地理信息专题 最新来稿(未评审) 版本 ZH1
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晚清民国新疆地区湖泊、湿地数据集
A data set of lakes and wetlands in late Qing and Republican China
: 2018 - 05 - 15
: 2018 - 05 - 16
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摘要&关键词
摘要:干旱区湖泊和湿地是区域环境变化的敏感因子及指示器。历史时期新疆地区湖泊与湿地的重建不仅是全球变化所需要的基础水文数据,而且是历史时期丝绸之路研究必备的环境数据。通过对宣统元年(1909年)的《新疆全省舆图》,民国二十四年(1935年)新疆地区一套大比例尺军用地形图数字化处理,结合历史文献资料及现代卫星影像,提取其中湖泊与湿地信息。同时,对其进行标准分类与编码,构建晚清民国时期新疆湖泊、湿地数据集。
关键词:新疆;20世纪上半叶;古旧地图;湖泊;湿地
Abstract & Keywords
Abstract: Lake and wetland are sensitive factors and indicators of regional environmental changes in arid areas. The recovery of lake and wetland information in Xinjiang not only provides basic hydrologic data for global change studies, but also essential environmental data for the study of the Silk Road in historical periods. The lake and wetland information was extracted through digital processing of the 1909 Xinjiang Map and a set of large-scale military topographic maps of Xinjiang in 1935, which was then validated against historical documents and modern satellite images. At the same time, standard classification and coding were performed to build the data set of lakes and wetlands in late Qing and Republican China.
Keywords: Xinjiang; first half of the 20th century; historical maps; lakes; wetlands
稿件与作者信息
苏绕绕
Su RaoRao
王芳
Wang Fang
潘威
Pan Wei
475174983@qq.com
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中国科学数据
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