Abstract: Survey and regional mapping of agricultural resources is a long-term basic and comprehensive work of agricultural development. It has been listed as an important task in long-term national research plans since the founding of P. R. China. Agricultural mapping at regional scale has been conducted nationwide three times afterwards, which collected data of agricultural resources and their regional mapping in more than 2108 counties (as per the administrative divisions in the early 1980s), including a huge set of maps, statistical data and reports. This dataset contains the most complete and systematic information about agricultural resources and their regional mapping. It is vital for agricultural resource monitoring and utilization, agricultural regional planning, the formulation of regional agricultural policies, the adjustment of agricultural structure and measurement, the promotion of agricultural productivity, and so on.
Keywords: agricultural resources; agricultural regionalization; scientific data; data sharing